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[转帖] In 59, Chairman Mao summoned Huang Kecheng and asked him and President Peng to draw the line.

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发表于2024-03-02 07:14:51 | 只看该作者 回帖奖励 |倒序浏览 |阅读模式
    

    In 1959,头条新闻 Peng Dehuai, who had just visited abroad, received a notice from the Central Office. In July, he went to Lushan to participate in the Politburo's expansion meeting.

    Because of his busy work, Peng Dehuai did not want to participate. At the critical moment, his assistant, then Chief of Staff, Deputy Minister of DefenseHuang KechengOpen channel:"This meeting is the expansion of the Politburo chaired by Chairman Mao. You are a member of the Politburo. How can you not participate?"

    At that time, Huang Kecheng did not expect that his reminder this time accidentally ended Peng Dehuai's political life.


    On July 2, 1959, the Politburo's expansion meeting hosted by Chairman Mao officially kicked off. The original theme of this meeting was to summarize experience lessons, adjust the indicators, and continue to correct the "left" error.

    At the beginning of the conference, the atmosphere was relatively easy. Many people met during the day and watched the play at night.

    But on July 14, everything changed.


    On this day, Peng Dehuai"Wan Yan Shu"(In fact, there are only more than 3,000 words), and they were sent to Chairman Mao. As a result, the wind direction of the Lushan Conference changed completely.

    Subsequently, Huang Kecheng and others received a notice and went to Lushan to meet.

    At the moment of receiving the notice, Huang Kecheng was a little surprised that he was not a member of the Politburo. Why did he suddenly notify the meeting?I'm afraid there are unexpected things.

    On the way to Lushan, Huang Kecheng was a little worried.


    After waiting for Lushan, Huang Kecheng saw the "Wan Yan Shu" written by Peng Dehuai

    When Zhou Enlai saw Huang Kecheng, he said with some meaning:"You come one step late. If you go to Lushan before July 14, President Peng's letter will not take it out."

    At this time, Huang Kecheng regretted it. He knew that if he had to participate in the conference instead of Peng Dehuai at the beginning, wasn't it the storm of the Lushan Conference?

    But this is the end, there is no way to change.

    Peng Dehuai learned that Huang Kecheng was coming, and he was very happy, and he immediately found Huang Kecheng.


    Peng Dehuai asked: "I wrote to the chairman, did you read it? How do you think of writing?"

    Huang Kecheng said frankly:"I read it. This letter is not well written. If you have any opinions, you can say it in person. What do you write? Some of the letters and words in the letter are not appropriate."

    After listening to Peng Dehuai, he fell into thought.

    That night, Huang Kecheng slept all night, and he knew that he had faced the most important choice in life.


    At this time, the Lushan Conference was halfway, and the wind direction of the Lushan Conference had also changed. Huang Kecheng naturally knew why Chairman Mao informed him why he came to the mountain to speak, and asked him to criticize Peng Dehuai.

    Knowing these, but Huang Kecheng couldn't pass the hurdle in his heart.

    At the subsequent meeting, Huang Kecheng delivered a speech. He insisted on the truth and bluntly supported Peng Dehuai's opinions to a large extent.

    After watching some old comrades, they persuaded him, but Huang Kecheng did not appreciate it, and poured all his minds.

    After talking, Huang Kecheng's "trouble" soon came.


    Some Standing Committee members of the Politburo found Huang Kecheng and asked him to leave the relationship with Peng Dehuai, but Peng Dehuai did not give up.

    A few days later, Chairman Mao personally summoned Huang Kecheng in "Meilu".

    Seeing this general who was heavily focused on, Chairman Mao was very emotional. At that time, Huang Kecheng also understood that this was his last opportunity to change his destiny.

    But thinking about it, after all, Huang Kecheng finally gave up the opportunity intentionally.


    During the chat, Chairman Mao recalled the Red One and the Red Three Army in the Central Soviet Area. Later, he asked Huang Kecheng: "Huang Kecheng, some people report that you and Peng Dehuai are" father -son relationship? ""

    Huang Kecheng replied calmly: "When I was in Jiangxi, I was beaten as" AB group ". It was President Peng saved me. I had a good relationship with President Peng, but often argued."

    In the bland conversation, Chairman Mao expressed his meaning to Huang Kecheng euphemistically, hoping that he and Peng Dehuai would draw a clear limit.


    Huang Kecheng was dissatisfied with some words and methods written by Peng Dehuai, but he still supported the subject.

    So Huang Kecheng answered: "Peng Dehuai and I are basically the same. I can only follow the opinions of the Lushan Conference. In the past, I had a lot of arguments with Peng Dehuai.Our controversy is not hurting feelings. "

    Chairman Mao was silent after hearing.

    After a while, they also talked about the "Siping Battle" during the war of liberation


    Chairman Mao: "Is the battle of Siping wrong?"

    Speaking of this battle, Huang Kecheng's words were more, and he always had a question in his heart.

    At that time, the guards were at the same time, and the troops were just right, but later generations increased their attacks. Huang Kecheng thought that he should not continue to guard, so he generated electricity and asked for retreat.

    What was puzzled by Huang Kecheng was that Lin Biao clearly received his own telegram, but he didn't read it at all, and did not use it. Why?

    In a word of Chairman Mao, Huang Kecheng Mao was stocked.


    Chairman Mao said: "At that time, Siping Siping was actually decided."

    Huang Kecheng's "Strong" came up and answered: "What you decide is also wrong."

    Chairman Mao was surprised after hearing it. Then he paused and said, "Let history and future generations commented."

    After talking about the Battle of Siping, the atmosphere became embarrassing for a while, and Huang Kecheng also understood that his relationship with Chairman Mao would not be as harmonious as before, and then rose to resign.

    After leaving "Meilu", Huang Kecheng reached out and pushed his own glasses frame. A salty liquid flowed on his eyes and face. Suddenly, the scenery around him gradually blurred.

    Chairman Mao in the room was not calm inside.


    For Huang Kecheng, a hometown of Hunan, Chairman Mao heard it as early as the Central Soviet Area. Two things Huang Kecheng did during the Anti -Japanese War made him remember the little fellow.The second name was Huang Kecheng, and he asked him to serve as an important position. It turned out that Huang Kecheng did not disappoint him.

    But in the end, the two were drifting away, and this result could not help making Chairman Mao sentimental.

    What two things did Huang Kecheng do during the Anti -Japanese War?When did Chairman Mao named Huang Kecheng as an important job?


    After the Pingxing Guanzhan battle in September 1937, the entire Eighth Route Army was caught in the carnival, but Huang Kecheng, then the Minister of the Organization Department of the General Political Department of the Military Commission, inspected the 115th division.There is something wrong with our troops.

    After the "Xi'an Incident", the relationship between our party and the Kuomintang eased and entered the negotiation period. By the eve of the Anti -Japanese War, all the treaties had basically signed.

    After the outbreak of the Anti -Japanese War, according to the agreement, the Red Army was reorganized as the Eighth Route Army and was under the command of the Kuomintang. Of course, once the troops were adapted, they would be in line with the Kuomintang army in terms of system.

    For example, the teacher is the lieutenant general, the brigade commander is Major General, the head of the head of the group, the Major camp leader, etc.

    This is something wrong.


    In the past history of the Red Army, there was no military rank, but at this time, due to the logo of the rank, some people began to flutter, and even set up the style of warlords.

    This phenomenon that occurred in the 115th Division was seriously inconsistent with the principles of officers and soldiers consistently advocated by our army. Huang Kecheng believed that this situation not only happened in the 115th Division alone, but also in the other two divisions.

    In addition, Huang Kecheng also found that since our army was forced to cancel the political commissar system, the troops have changed greatly, and warlordism has shown signs of looking up.


    The reason why our army was forced to cancel the political commissar system was because of Chiang Kai -shek. On the spot, the Kuomintang and the Communist Party cooperated.Political Commissar, Director of the Political Department, etc.

    At this time, due to the cancellation of the political commissar system, the troops have changed a lot.

    Therefore, at this time, Huang Kecheng's suggestion was to re -establish a political commissar system in our army, restrict the troops, and correct the wrongdoing.

    In the Party Central Committee, Chairman Mao attached great importance to the matter. Later, the Party Central Committee Huang Kecheng went to the Eighth Route Army 115th Division 344th Brigade of the Eighth Route Army as a political commissar.To study how to restore and strengthen political work.


    Facts have proved that Huang Kecheng did not disappoint the party organization. His dedicated style has won the praise of many people. At the same time, it was also his strong appeal. In the end, the Party Central Committee re -established the political commissar system in our army.

    The impact on the political commissar system has a profound impact on our army. Among them, Huang Kecheng contributed greatly.

    Over time, the Anti -Japanese War quickly came to 1945.

    This year, the Anti -Japanese War was nearing its end, and Huang Kecheng once again made a suggestion to the central government with his military strategic attention beyond ordinary people.


    Huang Kecheng said: "It is recommended to send troops to the northeast immediately, and should be assigned as much as possible. At least 50,000 people should be available. It is best to go to 100,000 people to create a large strategic base."

    Huang Kecheng's suggestion coincides with the party's central government.

    Chairman Mao was very relieved that Huang Kecheng was indeed a rare talent. Later, the Party Central Committee ordered Huang Kecheng, then the third division commander of the New Fourth Army, led the army to the northeast.

    In the war of liberation in Northeast, Huang Kecheng made great achievements.


    After the Battle of Liaoning and Shen in November 1948, the Sino troops were ordered to enter the battle. On November 18, the Party Central Committee decided to launch the Battle of Pingjin by the Siye Army.

    Two days later, the four -field command received the telegram of the Party Central Committee:Huang Kecheng is requested to end his work at a speed as soon as possible, and led the cadre to go south with the Northeast Field Army.

    At this time, Tianjin has not yet liberated, and the Party Central Committee has already appointed Huang Kecheng as the "leader" of Tianjin. It can be seen that the Party Central Committee and Chairman Mao's trust and device emphasis on him.


    On January 15, 1949, Tianjin was liberated, and Huang Kecheng led military management cadres to enter Tianjin and began a comprehensive takeover of Tianjin. Due to full preparations before the war, in just one week, Huang Kecheng took military management cadresVictory completed the takeover of Tianjin.

    Subsequently, Huang Kecheng wrote a report to the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, reporting from the preparation work before entering Tianjin, the dynamics of the Tianjin situation and the dynamics of all strata, and accepting it.

    Chairman Mao was very happy after reading the report. At this time, with the victory of the war, more and more cities were liberated, and the focus of our party would also turn to the city. Therefore, in order to better understand the situation, Chairman Mao decided to ask Huang Kecheng to come to come to come.Beijing reports to himself in person.


    After receiving the notice from Chairman Mao, Huang Kecheng was overjoyed. During his years of revolutionary career, Chairman Mao's fascinating political wisdom and military strategy thought had completely convinced him.

    Soon, Huang Kecheng came to Shuangqing Villa in Xiangshan, Beijing.

    Seeing this little hometown of Hunan, Chairman Mao was very happy. Then, Huang Kecheng reported his work in Tianjin, and Chairman Mao praised him again.

    Later, Chairman Mao also told Huang Kecheng that he wanted to meet him in person.


    At this time, Hunan was about to be liberated, and Chairman Mao decided to let Huang Kecheng serve as the leader of Hunan after liberation.

    Chairman Mao said: "It's my name to let you go. You have the experience of Tianjin and go to our hometown. You are familiar with the local customs. You can rest assured."

    After listening to these words, Huang Kecheng was very moved.

    After By the time of Hunan, Huang Kecheng led the province's people in the province to stabilize social order and restore the development of production, but also completed a series of work such as bandits, land reform, and support for the anti -US aid North Korea.

    What Huang Kecheng did in Hunan made Chairman Mao very pleased. By 1952, a telegram of the Party Central Committee, Huang Kecheng went to Beijing, named Chairman Mao as the deputy chief of staff, and was reused again.


    Since then, Huang Kecheng has served as the deputy minister of the Ministry of National Defense, Chief of Staff, and Secretary of the Central Secretariat.

    Huang Kecheng served as an important position and continued to the Lushan Conference in 1959.

    During the Lushan meeting, Huang Kecheng supported Peng Dehuai and was criticized by mistake. In the past 20 years, he was not reused.

    Huang Kecheng returned in 1977. Soon, he encountered a tricky problem.


    At that time, there was a "non -hairy" boom in the society. Some people thought that only the "Mao Zedong Thought" China could develop.

    In response to this wrong idea, Huang Kecheng wrote a long story at the meeting of the Central Discipline Inspection Commission. In summary, Huang Kecheng believes thatAlthough Chairman Mao died, he stayed with valuable wealth. Mao Zedong thought would guide us for a long time.

    Huang Kecheng's conversation in the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection has caused several applause.

    Subsequently, his conversation was placed on the People's Daily. As soon as this article came out, many people moved tears.


    In 1986, Huang Kecheng walked his legendary life, and his wife Tang Yanhua wrote a well -known couplet.

    "How can I seek less life in life? When the country is in danger, the young man must be suffering from Rong. Fortunately, he has to see the glory of the Chinese nation standing.Comrades again "


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